Following the ecological-level observations on correlations between income inequality, social capital and health status, multilevel logistic models for reporting “poor” health is conducted to examine whether individual- and community-level social capital attenuate the associations between income inequality and health status. Mortality, Income, and Income Inequality over Time in Britain and the United States Angus Deaton and Christina Paxson Angus Deaton is the Dwight D. Eisenhower Professor of International A ﬀairs and profes-sor of economics and international aﬀairs at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and In- Read "Social capital, income inequality, and mortality., American Journal of Public Health" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The ‘income inequality hypothesis’ holds that beyond a certain level of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the association between absolute income, health and mortality weakens, and the distribution of income across a society becomes more important as a determinant of a range of outcomes including average mental and physical health. Social Capital Can Easily be Destroyed Summary of Article Limitations social capital acts as a catalyst Social Capital, Income Inequality, and Mortality income inequality irrespective of other individual resources = Mortality What are some variables that the article did not Aug 30, 2011 · RESULTS: Income inequality was strongly correlated with both per capita group membership (r = -.46) and lack of social trust (r = .76). In turn, both social trust and group membership were associated with total mortality, as well as rates of death from coronary heart disease, malignant neoplasms, and infant mortality. Continuing with the issue of relative versus absolute income, Lynchet al also refer to an earlier paper demonstrating a close relation between income inequality and mortality in the 282 Standard Metropolitan Areas (SMAs) of the USA.7They suggest that the weaker relation shown in that paper between median income and mortality in the SMAs was an indication of the importance of absolute income.
In addition, we examined some of the potential pathways, possibly reflecting investments in human capital and social resources, by which income inequality may be related to health outcomes. Finally, we considered the impact of income inequality and changes in income inequality on mortality trends. Income inequality, social capital and self-inflicted injury and violence-related mortality Article (PDF Available) in Journal of epidemiology and community health 63(1):31-7 · October 2008 with ... This study investigated whether state levels of social capital are associated with rates of completed suicides in the fifty U.S. states. To do this we regressed state-level suicide rates on an index of social capital, along with other variables known to influence suicide rates such as gun ownership, income inequality, alcohol abuse and dependence, drug abuse and dependence, serious mental ... Still others show a protective effect of income inequality after adjusting for % black.17,24–29 Income inequality and mortality are both higher among blacks than among whites,11,19,30 and income inequality is also related to growing spatial separation between blacks and whites.17,22,23 However, it is unclear whether and to what extent racial ...
In turn, both social trust and group membership were associated with total mortality, as well as rates of death from coronary heart disease, malignant neoplasms, and infant mortality. CONCLUSIONS: These data support the notion that income inequality leads to increased mortality via disinvestment in social capital. reference groups that affect whether inequality should be measured in larger or smaller areas. Fewer Social Problems in More Equal Societies The studies of health in relation to income in-equality need to be understood in the context of a wider body of evidence that suggests that a broad range of social problems may also be Jun 01, 2004 · Many studies indicate that the South has the lowest levels of social capital (measured as membership in voluntary associations, and in trust of one’s neighbours), the lowest levels of education, the highest levels of income inequality, and the highest levels of homicide and of overall mortality of all the regions of the USA 8– 13.
The correlations between income inequality and per capita group membership and between income inequality and lack of social trust were r¼ 0:40 and r¼ 0:73, respectively. Social mistrust (r¼ 0:77) and percapita group membership (r¼ 0:49) were both strongly related to all-cause mortality.
Social Capital, Income Inequality, and Mortality. Recent studies have demonstrated that income inequality is related to mortality rates. It was hypothesized, in this study, that income inequality is related to reduction in social cohesion and that disinvestment in social capital is in turn associated with increased mortality. The ‘income inequality hypothesis’ holds that beyond a certain level of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the association between absolute income, health and mortality weakens, and the distribution of income across a society becomes more important as a determinant of a range of outcomes including average mental and physical health. OBJECTIVES: Social capital consists of features of social organization--such as trust between citizens, norms of reciprocity, and group membership--that facilitate collective action. This article reports a contextual analysis of social capital and individual self-rated health, with adjustment for individual household income, health behaviors, and other covariates.
The Impact of Inequality on Social Capital1 Prepared by Eric D. Gould and Alexander Hijzen Authorized for distribution by Romain Duval August 2016 Abstract There is a widespread perception that trust and social capital have declined in United States as well as other advanced economies, while income inequality has tended to increase. May 11, 2017 · Income inequality and national wealth are strong determinants for health, but few studies have systematically investigated their influence on mortality across the early life-course, particularly outside the high-income world. Data were available for 103 (79%) countries. Gini was positively ... Mortality and Income Inequality Among Economically Developed Countries by Harriet Orcutt Duleep * The absence of a correlation between age-adjusted death rates and the aver- age income levels of economically developed countries has led researchers to